Reform of examination and approval system for construction projects of Ministry of housing and urban rural development The head of the work leading group office answered the reporter's questions.
1. Question: Why should we carry out the reform of the examination and approval system of engineering construction projects? Please introduce the background of the reform of the examination and approval system of engineering construction projects.
Answer: The CPC Central Committee and the State Council have always attached great importance to creating a good business environment and reforming the system. General Secretary Xi Jinping has repeatedly stressed the need to clean up and abolish regulations and practices that hinder the unification of the market and fair competition, stimulate the vitality of various market players, implement a high level of trade and investment liberalization and facilitation policies, and create a stable, fair, transparent and predictable business environment. Premier Li Keqiang pointed out that the business environment is competitiveness, that is, productivity; the focus of promoting economic development should be shifted from "grasping the project" to "grasping the environment" and the reform of "letting go of control and obedience" should be pushed forward in depth. Vice Premier Han Zheng gave instructions on several occasions and held a meeting to study and deploy related work.
In recent years, the relevant parties have carried out the reform of "release of control and uniform" in depth, and achieved remarkable results in facilitating enterprises and the masses to start their own businesses, effectively reducing the cost of institutional transactions, and speeding up the transformation of government functions and work style. However, it should also be noted that the current construction project approval procedures, difficult, time-consuming and other issues are still more prominent. In 2017, China ranked 78th in the World Bank's Global Business Environment Report, of which 172 were in the "Building Permit" index ranking, and the last in the 10 evaluation index ranking. In January this year, the State Council executive meeting deployed to require the Ministry of Housing, Urban and Rural Construction to take the lead in upgrading the ranking of building permit indicators, and promote the reform of the examination and approval system for construction projects. On March 5, Premier Li Keqiang clearly stated in his "Report on the Work of the Government" that "the approval time of construction projects should be reduced by half". Vice Premier Han Zheng has repeatedly listened to the report on the reform of the examination and approval system for construction projects, and has given clear instructions on how to do the reform work well. He has asked the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Construction to take the modernization of the government's governance system and governance capacity as the goal, earnestly grasp the reform of the examination and approval system for construction projects and select some cities to carry out the reform test. The reform should be carried out in full process and coverage, and a nationwide unified examination and approval and management system for construction projects should be formed as soon as possible.
On May 14, the General Office of the State Council issued a Circular on the Pilot Reform of the Examination and Approval System for Construction Projects (No. 33, hereinafter referred to as the "Circular"), and decided to carry out the reform in Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Chongqing, Shenyang, Dalian, Nanjing, Xiamen, Wuhan, Guangzhou and Guangzhou. Sixteen districts including Shenzhen, Chengdu, Guiyang, Weinan, Yan'an and Zhejiang have carried out pilot reforms in the examination and approval system of engineering construction projects.
2. Question: The Notice calls for a "full process, full coverage reform" of the approval system for construction projects. What is "full process, full coverage"?
Answer: "The whole process" refers to the approval process, the reform covers the entire process of project approval, from the project to the completion of acceptance and public facilities access services. "Full coverage" refers to the coverage of housing construction and urban infrastructure projects in the category of projects, in addition to special projects and major projects in transportation, water conservancy, energy and other fields, should be included in the scope of reform, including government investment projects, including social investment projects; in handling matters, both cover The administrative licensing items, such as pre-examination of land cover, permit of project planning, construction permit, environmental impact assessment and energy-saving examination, cover all kinds of items, such as examination of design scheme, construction drawing, technical examination of water supply, heating and gas supply, intermediary service, municipal public service and record-keeping.
3. question: what is the main objective of this reform?
A: the notice has set clear objectives for the reform. In 2018, the framework and management system of the examination and approval system for engineering construction projects will be established in the pilot areas. According to the prescribed procedures, the examination and approval time will be reduced by more than half, from an average of more than 200 working days to 120 working days. In 2019, the pilot experience was summarized and popularized, and the approval system for construction projects was reformed nationwide. In the first half of the year, the approval time was reduced to 120 working days, and the approval items and time in the pilot areas were further reduced. In 2020, a unified national construction project approval and management system was basically built.
4. Question: This reform proposes to unify the examination and approval process. Why and how to unify the examination and approval process?
Answer: The examination and approval procedures of engineering construction projects are complicated, involving many departments, difficult, slow, multi-head running, running back and forth and other issues are more prominent, the examination and approval efficiency is not high. An important reason for these problems is that the examination and approval process of engineering construction projects is not standardized, unscientific and unified, and there are too many items of pre-examination and approval, and there are still some areas in which the items of examination and approval are mutually prepositioned. This reform puts forward that we should thoroughly change the mode of series examination and multi-head examination and approval in the past, break the barriers of departments, reorganize and design a unified examination and approval process for construction projects, vigorously promote parallel examination and approval, and comprehensively improve the efficiency of examination and approval.
The reform divides the examination and approval process of engineering construction projects into four stages according to the construction procedure: land planning permission, project construction permission, construction permission and completion acceptance. Among them, the approval stage of land use planning mainly includes project approval and approval for the record, site selection proposal issuance, land pre-examination, land use planning permission and so on. The stage of construction permission includes the examination of design plan and the issuance of construction planning permit. The construction permission stage mainly includes the design verification and confirmation of fire protection and civil air defense, and the issuance of construction permits. Completion acceptance stage mainly includes planning, land, fire, civil air defense and other acceptance and completion of the inspection and record. Other administrative licensing, compulsory safety assessment, intermediary services, municipal public services and archival matters should be handled in the relevant stages or carried out in parallel with the relevant stages. Each examination and approval stage to determine a lead department, the lead department to organize and coordinate the relevant departments to carry out the examination and approval, and within the specified time limit to complete.
At the same time, considering the different types of housing construction projects, municipal works, transportation projects, water conservancy projects, government investment, social investment and other different types of investment, as well as the different sizes of projects in the examination and approval of different items, the pilot areas should further classify and refine the examination on the basis of the stipulated basic process. In order to speed up the process of establishing the best process, the shortest time and the most convenient process of examination and approval,
In addition, the circular also proposes to simplify the examination and approval of small and medium-sized construction projects with social investment. The sample of the construction permit indicators handled by the World Bank is small projects with social investment. Prior to this, Beijing and Shanghai have put forward good reform measures for small and medium-sized social investment projects in the special action of optimizing the ranking of building permit indicators. The pilot areas should, according to local conditions, minimize unnecessary evaluation and evaluation of small and medium-sized social investment projects with simple technology and little impact on public safety. Shorten the time of examination and approval.
5. Question: There are many items and links in the examination and approval of engineering construction projects, which have been criticized by the society. How can the reform simplify the examination and approval items and links?
Answer: This reform proposes that the examination and approval items and links should be substantially streamlined through measures such as "reduction, release, merger, transfer and adjustment", so as to achieve reduction, release, merger, transfer and adjustment.
First, we should "reduce" and reduce the items and conditions of examination and approval. All the items for examination and approval of engineering construction projects are sorted out in an all-round way, the bottom number is found out, and the legality, rationality and necessity of the items for examination and approval are analyzed in depth. All the items for examination and approval that are illegal, unreasonable and unnecessary and the preconditions for them are cancelled. For items that need to be retained, we should reduce the pre-conditions for examination and approval, and make a list of items for examination and approval to the public, so that there is no examination and approval beyond the list. "Notice" clearly put forward the cancellation of construction contracts for the record, building energy-saving design review for the record, and other matters; social investment in housing construction projects, construction units can independently decide the mode of contracting.
The two is "putting" and delegating approval matters. We should study and formulate reform measures for decentralization or entrusting subordinate organs for examination and approval in accordance with the principle of facilitating the work of enterprises and the masses. Delegation of examination and approval matters to take into account, do a good job of supporting links, synchronized delegation of related matters, and ensure that the lower organs can be well connected and well managed.
The three is "merge" and merge for approval. Several items of examination and approval implemented by the same department with similar contents or belonging to the same stage of handling shall be integrated into one item of examination and approval. The notice put forward the implementation of joint inspection, joint surveying and mapping, joint inspection and joint inspection. The fire protection, civil air defense and other design reviews will be incorporated into the construction drawings design document review, the government to purchase services, commissioned a construction drawings review agency in accordance with relevant technical standards and specifications to carry out synchronous review, the relevant departments are no longer independent technical review. Planning, land, fire, civil air defense, archives, municipal public utilities and other special acceptance check and acceptance to implement a time-limited joint acceptance, by the construction unit one-time application to the lead department, the lead department to coordinate the relevant departments in the specified time to complete the acceptance, unified acceptance opinions, acceptance process to be based on the unified drawings, based on. Standard unification. For the measurement work involved in the acceptance, a "commissioned, unified mapping and sharing of results" shall be implemented.
The four is "turning" and changing management mode. It will be able to replace matters in the way of seeking advice from relevant departments into internal coordination matters within the government. The license issuing department shall solicit the opinions of relevant departments and units, and other departments shall no longer examine the design scheme separately. Advance application
7. question: what is the specific content of this reform that we need to improve the examination and approval system?
Answer: A perfect examination and approval system is a necessary condition and an important guarantee for the success of the reform of the examination and approval system of engineering construction projects. The examination and approval system mainly includes "five one", namely "a blueprint, a system, a window, a form, a set of mechanisms".
First, the implementation of a blueprint project. The so-called "one blueprint" is to take the urban development strategy as a guide, to coordinate the planning of national economy and social development planning, urban and rural planning, land planning, ecological environment protection planning, and all other related to the allocation of space resources and elements, to unify all kinds of drawing coordinate system, to eliminate planning differences and contradictions, through information-based means, in A map delimits all kinds of control lines, constructs unified spatial planning management information, and forms "one plan" and "one blueprint" covering urban space. All engineering construction projects are implemented according to this blueprint. Departments coordinate and put forward suggestions on development, space, ecology and other aspects in the stage of project generation planning according to "a blueprint", so as to solve the problem of contradictions in late construction conditions, and serve as the basis for the examination and approval of late projects, so as to speed up the construction and landing of projects. "One blueprint" is the starting point of all engineering construction projects, the basis of realizing parallel examination and approval, strengthening the coordination of departments, and improving the efficiency of examination and approval.
The two is "one system" to implement unified management. At present, many examination and approval departments have established their own examination and approval information systems, but the examination and approval systems of each department are often not interconnected, the problem of information island is prominent, and the examination and approval behavior of each examination and approval department can not be effectively supervised. On the basis of the existing national and local information platforms, the reform proposes to integrate and form a "horizontal to lateral, vertical to the end" project approval management system, covering all departments and municipalities, counties, districts, villages and towns (streets) at all levels, to achieve unified acceptance, parallel examination and approval, real-time circulation, tracking and supervision, and information sharing. Enjoy. The examination and approval management system should be interconnected with the "multi-rules and one" business collaboration platform, the examination and approval management system of various departments and other information platforms to achieve real-time transmission of the examination and approval process and results. At the same time, the examination and approval management system should monitor the examination and approval behavior of the examination and approval department on-line, track the whole process of examination and approval and control the examination and approval nodes, eliminate cardiopulmonary bypass, and improve the level of examination and approval services. The Ministry of Housing, Urban and Rural Construction will also integrate the establishment of a project approval management system, and connect with the pilot areas of the system, real-time understanding of the management of approval of local projects, in order to strengthen the guidance and supervision of the local project approval work.
The three is "one window" to provide comprehensive services. At present, many examination and approval departments have set up service windows, but due to decentralized settings and separate acceptance, enterprises and the masses need to declare at many different windows, which brings great inconvenience. This reform proposes to integrate the service windows set up separately by various departments and municipal public units, and to set up comprehensive service windows for examination and approval of construction projects. Comprehensive service window unified receipt, through the construction project approval management system will be submitted to the application materials for approval departments, the examination and approval departments to accept, share materials, the implementation of circulation, synchronous processing, and then unified by the comprehensive service window out, truly realize a window service and management, into the "one door". "Family matters".
The four is "a form" integrated declaration material. There are many links in the examination and approval of engineering construction projects. Many times, enterprises and the masses need to repeat running, queuing, submitting materials repeatedly, consuming resources and being inefficient. The reform puts forward that the operation mode of "one service guide, one application form, one set of application materials, completing multiple examinations and approvals" should be implemented at all stages of examination and approval. The leading department of each examination and approval stage should integrate the guidelines and materials needed for all the examination and approval matters at that stage, and formulate a unified guide and declaration form. At each examination and approval stage, the applicant only needs to submit a set of application materials, and at the same time, information sharing should be strengthened so that all materials that can be shared through the network or verified by the network can not be required to be submitted repeatedly by enterprises and the masses.
The five is "a set of mechanisms" to standardize the examination and approval operation. Forming a perfect working mechanism is the basis to ensure the orderly, reasonable and smooth operation of the examination and approval reform of engineering construction projects. First of all, we should adhere to the combination of system innovation and administration according to law. In the pilot areas, we should strengthen the system construction within the legislative authority, clarify the responsibilities of departments, clarify the working procedures, standardize the examination and approval behavior, institutionalize and standardize the reform measures through the establishment of rules and regulations, so as to ensure the smooth progress of the reform. Second, we must establish a coordination mechanism for examination and approval and coordinate the resolution of departmental differences. Finally, it is necessary to establish supervision and inspection system, follow up the examination and approval process in real time, supervise the whole process, strengthen the supervision and evaluation of the examination and approval departments and staff, and constantly improve the level of examination and approval.
8. Question: While streamlining the examination and approval process and reducing the examination and approval time, how to strengthen supervision and management to protect public interests and safety?
Answer: This reform adheres to the combination of relaxation of management. While simplifying government and decentralizing power, it requires all localities to speed up the establishment of a regulatory system suitable for the reform of the examination and approval system of engineering construction projects, and promote the transformation of the examination and approval of engineering construction projects into a "lenient, strict and heavily punished" one.
One is to strengthen supervision afterwards. The implementation of "double random, one open" supervision is intensified.
he Double Ninth Festival is full of enlightenment. On the eve of the Double Ninth Festival, Yin Weidong, Secretary of the Party Committee and Chairman of the Group Company, came to visit the home of Zhou Jianzhong, a representative of retired employees over 80 years old, and sent blessings and care to the elderly. It is reported that this year, the group company appointed a trade union to visit a total of 16 retired workers and 2 disabled workers, the condolences of the old comrades have been grateful for the development of the company without forgetting the old workers, wishing the company to flourish and the cause to a higher level! (Office)